Gender Words And Terms In Tagalog

There are two official pronouns in Tagalog for genders (binary) and many varying slangs for non-binary gender pronouns.


tao
human


kasarian
gender/sex


lalaki
male/man


babae
female/woman

binabae
woman-like/homosexual male

binalaki
man-like/lesbian female


pambabae
feminine

panglalaki
masculine

Gender Slang


bakla
gay


bading
homosexual/transgender male to female


Tagalog Words For Directions


deretso
straight ahead


ikot
turn around

harap
front


likod
back


kanan
right


kaliwa
left

taas
top

baba
below


ilalim
the bottom


loob
inside


labas
outside


hilaga
north


timog
south


kanluran
west


silangan
east


Tagalog Words For Foods

Food is often seen as the gateway to a country’s culture. The Philippines offers various delicious foods, dishes and local fruits.


pagkain
food

Popular Filipino foods


lechon baboy
roasted pig


balut
duck embryo


sisig
pork hash


adobo
marinated meat

chicharon
deep-friend pork crackling

kare kare
oxtail stew


sinigang
tamarind meat stew

Fruits


mangga
mango

sampalok
tamarind

langka
jackfruit

ubas
grapes

pakwan
watermelon


mansanas
apple


saging
banana

pinya
pineapple


papaya
papaya


buko
coconut

kasoy
cashew


durian
durio

atis
custard apple


kalamansi
calamondin

santol
cottonfruit


abukado
avocado

Vegetables


petsay
bokchoy

wansoy
coriander


kamatis
tomatos

labanos
radish


bawang
garlic

pipino
cucumber

upo
gourd


sibuyas
onion


kabute
mushroom


Asking Questions In Tagalog

WHAT?

Ano?
What?

Example:


Ano ang pangalan mo?
What is your name?

WHEN?


Kailan?
When?

Example:


Kailan ka natulog?
When did you sleep?

WHICH?


Alin?
Which?

Example:


Alin ang gusto mong amoy?
Which smell do you like?

WHERE?


Saan?
Where?

Example:


Saan ka matutulog?
Where will you sleep?

WHY?


Bakit?
Why?

Example:


Bakit mo siya inaway?
Why did you fight him?

HOW?


Paano?
How?

Example:


Paano ka nakauwi kagabi?
How did you get home last night?

HOW MUCH?


Magkano?
How much?

Example:


Magkano ang tubig?
How much is water?


Tagalog Swear Words & Profanity

Whether we like it or not, profanity is often the first thing that people want to hear about when it comes to a new language. “How do you say.. %$*&^! in Tagalog?

pagmumura
swearing

puta
literally means ‘whore’, but is used to express ‘fuck’


Putang ina / ‘tang ina
Fuck.

Putang ina mo! / ‘tang ina mo!
Fuck you! (literally translates to ‘Your mother is a whore!’)


tanga
idiot

tae
shit

panget
ugly

pek pek
pussy

titi
penis

puwit
butt

Anak ka ng puta.
Son of a bitch.

Gago!
Dumb

Kantotero!
Fucker!

Tanga.
Idiot.

Ulol!
Idiot

Tarantado
Bastard

Ang bobo mo.
You’re stupid.


Sira ulo
Crazy (broken brain)

Kainin mo tae ko!
Eat my shit!

Ang panget ng mukha mo.
Your face is ugly.

Sipsipin mo ang titi ko.
Suck my dick.


Walang hiya.
Shameless.

Hayop ka.
You’re a thoughtless animal.


Tagalog Words For Days And Months

Days of the week


araw
day


Linggo
Sunday


Lunes
Monday


Martes
Tuesday


Miyerkules
Wednesday


Huwebes
Thursday


Sabado
Saturday

Months of the year


buwan
month


Enero
January


Pebrero
February


Marso
March


Abril
April


Mayo
May


Hunyo
June


Hulyo
July


Agosto
August


Setyembre
Sepetmber


Oktubre
October


Nobyembre
November


Disyembre
December


Tagalog Words For Numbers

Filipino primary schools teach children to count in Filipino and English. As a result of 373 years of Spanish colonization (1521 – 1898) over the Philippines, Spanish derived numbers are used commonly by most of the Filipino population.

 

English Tagalog
one isa
two dalawa
three tatlo
four apat
five lima
six anim
seven pito
eight walo
nine siyam
ten sampu
eleven labing-isa
twelve labing-dalawa
thirteen labintatlo
fourteen labing-apat
fifteen labinlima
sixteen labing-anim
seventeen labimpito
eighteen labing-walo
nineteen labinsiyam
twenty dalawampu
hundred daan
thousand libo
million milyon

Besides counting with Tagalog numbers, Filipinos often use Spanish-derived numbers for telling time and one’s age. Often they provide a faster and simpler way to speak.

For example:
labindalawa (syllables: 5)
twelve

dose (syllables: 2)
twelve (Spanish derived)

Tagalog Spanish derived
isa
one

uno
one
dalawa
two

dos
two
tatlo
three

tres
three
apat
four
kuatro
four
lima
five
sinko
five
anim
six
seis
six
pito
seven
siete
seven
walo
eight
ocho
eight
siyam
nine
nueve
nine
sampu
ten
diez
ten

To express a specific number of an object, add ‘ng’ to the number words that end in vowels and add ‘na’ to the number words that end in consonants.

For example:
pito(ng) isda
seven fish


isang bata
one child


anim na sapatos
six shoes


siyam na libro
seven books


Tagalog Words For Nature

Tags :


disyerto
desert

kagubatan
forest

isla
island


bundok
mountain


burol
hill


langit
sky


tabing-dagat
beach


dagat
sea


ilog
river

lupa
earth


puno
tree


bulaklak
flower


Tagalog Words For Animals and Insects


hayop
animal


oso
bear

palaka
frog

baka
cow

pagong
turtle

kuneho
rabbit


ibon
bird

usa
deer


manok
chicken

sisiw
chick

unggoy
monkey

buwaya
crocodile


aso
dog


isda
fish


bibi
duckling

paniki
bat

kambing
goat


daga
rat


ahas
snake


baboy
pig


leon
lion

tupa
sheep


elepante
elephant


kabayo
horse


pusa
cat

eel
igat

tigre
tiger

kalabaw
carabao

dyirap
giraffe

Insects


langgam
ant

gagamba
spider

salaginto
beetle

paruparo
butterfly

tipaklong
grasshopper

uod
caterpillar


langaw
housefly/common fly/fruit fly


lamok
mosquito


ipis
cockroach

putakti
wasp/hornet

alupihan
centipede

anito
termite


Most Common Tagalog Greetings

Here are the common ways to greet people in Tagalog.

The word ‘maganda’ directly translates as ‘beautiful’, but is used as ‘good’ in the context of greeting someone. A beautiful morning is a good morning!


Magandang araw.
Good day.


Magandang umaga.
Good morning.


Magandang tanghali.
Good noon.

Magandang hapon.
Good afternoon.

Magandang gabi.
Good evening.

helo
hello


kamusta
hello


Kamusta ka?
How are you?


Kamusta kayo?
How are you? (plural)

Tagal na ah.
Long time no see.

Paalam.
Goodbye.

Hangang sa muli.
See you next time.


Tagalog On The Spot

Slang Of The Day

Jowa
lover / boyfriend / girlfriend

Example:
Jowa mo ba si Juan?
Is Juan your boyfriend?

Popular Practices