Tagalog Absolute Beginner Lesson 4 – Numbers and Time Expressions

Tagalog Absolute Beginner Lesson 4 – Numbers and Time Expressions

Category : Beginner Lessons

Filipino primary schools teach children to count in Filipino and English. As a result of 373 years of Spanish colonization (1521 – 1898) over the Philippines, Spanish derived numbers are used commonly by most of the Filipino population.

4.1 Numbers

Besides counting with Tagalog numbers, Filipinos often use Spanish-derived numbers for telling time and one’s age. Often they provide a faster and simpler way to speak.

For example:
labindalawa (syllables: 5)
twelve

dose (syllables: 2)
twelve (Spanish derived)

TagalogSpanish derived

isa
one

uno
one

dalawa
two

dos
two

tatlo
three

tres
three

apat
four
kuatro
four

lima
five
sinko
five

anim
six
seis
six

pito
seven
siete
seven

walo
eight
ocho
eight

siyam
nine
nueve
nine

sampu
ten
diez
ten

4.2 Numbers in phrases

To express a specific number of an object, add ‘ng’ to the number words that end in vowels and add ‘na’ to the number words that end in consonants.

For example:
pito(ng) isda
seven fish


isang bata
one child


anim na sapatos
six shoes


siyam na libro
seven books

4.3 Time expressions


ngayon
now


bukas
tomorrow


kahapon
yesterday


mamaya
later


umaga
morning


tanghali
noon

hapon
afternoon


gabi
night

hatinggabi
midnight


mamayang umaga
later this morning

mamayang hapon
later this afternoon


mamayang gabi
later tonight


Anong oras?
What time?


Anong oras na?
What time is it?


Anong oras na ngayon?
What time is it now?

Hanggang kailan?
Until when?

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Tagalog On The Spot

Slang Of The Day

Jowa
lover / boyfriend / girlfriend

Example:
Jowa mo ba si Juan?
Is Juan your boyfriend?

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